The Vietnam War is also known as the second of the Indochina Wars. It was waged between the late 1950’s and the mid 1970’s. The lush forested terrain of the Vietnamese country side was the battleground for much of the war. The force of the North Vietnam, which was basically oriented towards communism, was seen as a threat by the American government. It believed that left uncontrolled, the spread of communism would usurp the democratic South Vietnam as well. Hence, the American government decided to send troops in support of South Vietnam and retain its democratic government. This wider context of the war made it one of the tense phases of the Cold war period.
There were several reasons for the defeat of the United States in the Vietnam War. Some of the important ones are discussed in the following passages. First of all, the American government underestimated the organizing capabilities of the Viet Cong and its supporters. Another important reason for . . . Read More
Thesis: Powerful and gripping it may be, but ultimately City of God is a film of despair, offering a one-dimensional view of urban culture in a Brazil where social divisions appear too wide to bridge, and where millions are too brutalized by violence and poverty to contribute to any process of change.
City of God (originally Cidade de Deus in Spanish) is a brilliant piece of film making. The reality with which brutality and violence is presented to the audience alongside the circumstances of their happening is of highest artistic merit. Yet, in spite of all its cinematic accomplishments, the movie’s utility as an agent of social change is very limited indeed. This essay will attempt to flesh out this assertion, as well as present a summary and analysis of its themes and cinematography.
The authenticity for the film and its narrative comes from the fact that it was based on a real shanty town in a corner of Rio de Janeiro. It captures the . . . Read More
Author Albert Raboteau’s book will find a place in any American religious history canon. Raboteau, being an African American himself, was able to bring out the compassion and earnestness in his cause – which is to bring to light the plight and travails of enslaved Black Americans from a religious perspective. The book is written in such a tone that it opens more profound levels of understanding and appreciation for the reader. In this way, the book is a piece of art as well as a document of history. The book succeeds in taking the reader to the original setting and milieu that forms its background. More importantly, the book adopts simple prose style that appeals to readers from all walks of life. The rest of the essay will be a summary of the central points in the book.
The book takes the form of Raboteau’s responses to some of the reactions he had experienced over the years. In line with his literary mentor Sydney Ahlstrom’s anticipation, the . . . Read More
Discuss the Nixon-Kissinger reaction to the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. What issues were at stake, both within the region and the wider Cold War? How would you assess the success and/or consequences of Nixon and Kissinger’s handling of the Middle East crisis?
The 1973 War between Israel and the Arab nations of Egypt and Syria is directly related to the Six-Day War that took place six years earlier. While the actual attrition is restricted to the middle-east region, the conflict has had broader implications for the then existing world order. Also known as the Yom Kippur War or Ramadan War, the . . . Read More
The Nixon Doctrine was presented to the American public on 25th July, 1969 by the then President Richard Nixon. The doctrine had two important components to it – one pertaining to relationship with allies and the other regarding achieving world peace. Nixon stated in his address to the nation that the traditional allies of the United States should defend themselves without the latter’s military involvement. He also set an agenda for achieving world peace through a process of diplomacy. Later in the year Nixon’s explicated his . . . Read More
Wicca is another name for the presently surviving Pagan religious cult, also sometimes referred to as the neo-pagan religion. It has been brought to public awareness in recent times by a retired British civil servant called Gerald Gardner. The last fifty years or so has seen an increased following for this religion due to its equal treatment of both genders and its natural appeal. Wiccans worship “the sacred as immanent in nature, drawing much . . . Read More
Electric cars have come in contention as modes of transportation, due to the growing environmental consciousness of consumers and the rapidly falling petroleum based fuels. However, the manufacture and marketing these new types of automobiles are facing challenges in the form of technological and political constraints. The rest of the essay will discuss the practicalities and prospects confronting the electric car industry.
Governments across the world are beginning to realize the importance of automobiles run by electricity. Without proper and proactive legislation the consumer pool for electric . . . Read More
Explain the secondary victimisation experienced by victims of sexual assault and domestic violence, and critically evaluate recent reforms to eliminate or reduce such secondary victimization.
Victimization can be either primary or secondary. In the latter case, the victim suffers from the consequences of the initial trauma. In other words, the victim “suffers from psychological and social damages by negative reactions of criminal justice system, families, friends, and media”. Psychological affectation as a result of witnessing a traumatic event can also be called secondary victimization. The Criminal Law of the UK did not deal with this aspect of violent crime until recently. As a result laws pertaining to secondary victimization are inadequate and do not always lead to fair and balanced justice (Schafer, 2006).
Usually, secondary victimization cases don’t get proper understanding from the concerned authorities. For example, police . . . Read More
Victim Support is a non-governmental national charity that helps victims of crime cope with their trauma. Victim Support has offices scattered across the length and breadth of United Kingdom. Volunteers form the core of the organization. They assume a varied range of roles – from being confidants to victims, informing them about their rights, advising victims on the ideal legal course of . . . Read More
The law banning the use of mobile phones in cars has been in place for some time now. However, there are increasing reports of people disobeying the law. Draw on theories and research in selective attention to produce an argument which would convince law breakers to stop using their phones while driving.
Road accidents that result due to mobile phones usage while driving, is a serious issue in contemporary urban societies. Some basic legislation has been introduced to deal with this problem, but their effectiveness is in question. The . . . Read More