a) What nursing strategies could you document in your care plan that might assist the patient to drink the volume required to maintain their physical well-being?
Patients with paranoid schizophrenia are highly suspicious of their environment, always being on the lookout for lurking dangers where none really exist. In order to make the patient in question drink the required volume of water everyday, the caretaker must come up with strategies that take into account the fragile and unpredictable state of mind of the patient. If the patient suspects that the water given to him is poisoned, it would be a good idea to take a sip of water before the patient’s eyes, so that he is reassured of its palatability. Since water is an essential intake for the patient, the caretaker might have to repeat this exercise several times over the course of a day. While it might be cumbersome and annoying at first, there are good chances that the patient grows less . . . Read More
The book Reviving Ophelia, which is written by Mary Pipher, deals with the topic of adolescence in girls. The author peruses widely accepted concepts in the fields of psychology, sociology and gender studies to illuminate her thesis. At the outset, Pipher talks about the numerous challenges imposed on adolescent girls by the society of today. For example, she sees contemporary society as a ‘girl-poisoning’ one, which essentially forces young girls to turn into “female impersonators who fit their whole selves into small, crowded spaces”. Instead of letting the girl find her true calling through a process of exploration and experiment, the strictures of American society narrows down the scope of their individual expression. The author cites numerous anecdotal examples in the book, by way of which she throws light on key psychological insights on female adolescence. Reviving Ophelia does not stop with illustrations of the state of young women in the United . . . Read More
The reading titled “Beyond Reason: The Nature of the Ethnonational Bond”, written by Walker Connor, will provide the contextual background for this think-piece exercise. The central argument of the author is that ethno-national bond is much stronger than patriotic bond. The basis for the formation of ethno-national bonds are never fully based on fact and evidence, but rather on some vague but convincing feeling of kinship within a group of people. In other words, the concept of ethno-nationality appeals to the notion of common genetic inheritance alongside other tangible aspects such as language, culture, religion, etc.
The author presents a wide range of examples to support the aforementioned thesis. By perusing relevant scholarship, the author does make a persuasive case for the superiority of ethno-national bonds over patriotic bonds. The notion of common ethnicity has played a significant role throughout the history of human civilization, whereas patriotism as is . . . Read More
Aggressive nationalisms always claim that they are regrettable but rational defensive reactions against perceived external threats; but this claim that aggression is defence, and that aggression is rational, is always (or often?) itself an irrational claim. Explain and comment upon this statement
Every ethnic group in the world had faced or initiated aggression against another throughout the human history. In the hundred years before the end of Cold War there have been radical transformations from monarchy to communism to democracy, from liberal capitalism to stringent economic protectionism, and vice versa across the globe. Not only have there been numerous instances of such changes but have also oscillated from one extreme to another. Amid all this churning, the one strong conception with which peoples in different parts of the world could identify with is their ‘nation’. The prevailing geo-political circumstances of the recent centuries have made these . . . Read More
34 year old Mary White is in your care. She has limited mobility which means that she is unable to walk without assistance. Her chronic and life limiting condition has recently led to a problem with eating and drinking and now Mary is unable to feed herself (although she can take food from a spoon and drink from a beaker) and requires total assistance in this activity. Whilst her body has deteriorated and her speech is limited Mary White’s cognitive function is intact although she is tearful and depressed. It is meal time and you are preparing to attend to Mary White’s nutritional needs.
• Define the concept of dignity and discuss the importance of dignity in nursing care
• Discuss how the Code of Professional Conduct (NMC 2008) will guide your actions
• What are the issues that need to be considered when helping a patient to eat and drink
• What skills would you need to use to encourage Mary to eat . . . Read More
The following essay is an attempt at designing a scale/test for measuring an individual’s self-esteem.
Item1: Propensity for Depression:
One of the key factors that contribute to a person’s self-esteem is his/her propensity to fall into depressive episodes. It is well established in psychology literature that abusive experiences during formative years can have consequences for the person during adulthood. By ascertaining whether the person is presently depressed or not, we can indirectly deduce their self-esteem levels. Of course, no elaborate tests need be constructed for testing depressive illness, as the DSM-IV scale is sufficient for the purpose. All those who are clinically depressed also suffer from low self-esteem during the period of depression; whereas not all people with low self-esteem fall into bouts of depression. This is an important distinction that should be kept in mind when arriving at the final assessment of the . . . Read More
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland in the year 1896. He would go on to become one of the most influential philosopher and psychologist of the twentieth century. He achieved worldwide renown for his theories of child development and for his work on genetic epistemology. This essay will confine itself to an overview of his theory of cognitive development in children, which continues to hold its cornerstone position among discoveries in the field of psychology. But, it would be simplistic to classify Piaget as a theorist and philosopher who deals in mere abstractions. Rather, . . . Read More
Advertisements are a true reflection of the society we live in. A methodical study of advertisements can lead to an understanding of attitudes, beliefs and priorities of the citizens. This essay will confine itself to a few salient beer commercials that were run in the television screens of American homes over the course of last few years.
Commercial 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRcZSViUr4A&feature=related
Firstly, let us consider the Budweiser beer advertisement released on October 2002. As Johnny . . . Read More
The purpose of this report is to find out how gender identity, gender roles and sexual identity influences and shapes the subsequent development of an individual. The report shall also look at different theories of gender development, namely, Psychodynamic, Biological and Social learning theory. Further, the report will examine the essential components of the Nature and Nurture debate on gender development. The changing nature of gender roles in the 21st century is discussed and some practical examples of these changes being investigated. Then, it will critically analyse the role media plays in shaping human behaviour. Lastly, the report will look how gender roles are acquired through the observation of male and female social role models.
The awareness of who we are and . . . Read More
The central thesis of Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents is the assertion that the conflict between sexual needs and the societies restrictions is a big factor to human “dissatisfaction, aggression, hostility and ultimately, violence”. Given that the book was published in 1930, people’s mindsets were largely conservative, which led to protests and outcry against the book. But putting it in a purely scientific context, there is much truth in this thesis. *Freud’s introduction to his book begins with the following . . . Read More