Various Methods of Performance Appraisal
It consists of
(a) Rank order rating
(b) Paired comparison method
(c) Forced distribution rating.
Rank order rating- it is a simple process of placing employees in a rank in order to observe job performance. It permits comparison of all employees in any single rating group regardless of the type of work. All workers are judged on the same factors. This method eliminates the necessity of comparing an individual’s performance with the definition of satisfactory or excellent performance.
Paired comparison method- In paired comparison system every employee in a job family is compared with every other employee to determine who is a better worker.
Forced Distribution System – The forced distribution system is applicable to a large group of employees. This system is based on the presumption that all employees can be divided into five-point scale of outstanding, above average, blow average and poor. In this system the appraiser is asked to distribute the employees into one of these categories in such a way that 10% of the men are in-group ‘outstanding’ 20% above average 40% average 20% below average and 10% ‘poor’. (Yvonne, 1999, p.149)
The appraisal interview had two objectives. First was to justify recommended salary action and secondly, to present an opportunity for the manager to review his subordinate’s performance and promote discussion on needed improvements.
Management By Objective Approach To Performance Appraisal
With MBO the subordinate evaluates himself against standards that he has set himself. If this method of merit rating is handled properly the atmosphere becomes less punitive and exalting than is a conventional appraisal (Ahuja, 2005, p.227). This method is a two-way process where not only the subordinate performance is appraised but the relationship between the subordinate and superior also improves.
IMPROVING PRODUCTIVITY FOR TEAMS
In an organization, the activities of supervisor are directed towards meeting the following general objectives for Improving Productivity for Teams: