At the time of its enactment in 2001, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) had elicited mixed responses from different quarters of American polity. Some were hopeful that it would prove to be a reformist move whose effects would be benign to all children, while others were skeptical of its merits and suspicious of the real intentions behind it. Following up on the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the NCLB is an effort on part of the federal government to improve opportunities for poor and backward children. (Murnane, 2007) The Bush Administration that pushed for its enactment during the very first year of its term, touted it as an “attempt to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education” (Sanders, 2008). But nearly 9 years since its implementation, educationists and journalists are unsure if the stated objective have been met. Reviewing the scholarly literature pertaining to the subject, . . . Read More
Blacks and other ethnic minorities in the UK have historically faced discrimination and prejudice. While in recent decades their situation has improved to an extent, they continue to lag behind native Anglo-Saxon Brits in terms of access to quality education, healthcare and job opportunities. The New Labour government in power today has made efforts to rectify this social disparity by introducing educational and cultural programs that would help integrate minority communities into the British mainstream. One such measure targeted at high school and college students in the UK is the Prince’s Trust 12 week programme which “features confidence building, team events, challenges, outdoor activities and fundraising events” (The Birmingham Post, 2006). The program intends to give students from minority communities a chance to gain practical skills that would make a real difference to their community. But in spite of this promise, the statistics pertaining to student . . . Read More
Each year hundreds of thousands of international students enroll for various courses in Universities in the United States and United Kingdom. But before they decide to enroll, they are confronted with a dilemma whether to pursue their higher studies in their home country or abroad. The consistency and high number of international enrollments suggests that most students prefer to study abroad. The rest of this essay will look into the reasons why this is so, with specific reference to my own choices in this respect.
The education system in Saudi Arabia, which is my home country, is quite good. There are a few institutions of higher learning in Saudi Arabia which are comparable in academic standards to those in the United States. But my preference is to study abroad, so that I can have a different cultural experience that would make me a more rounded individual. Also, if I study abroad, I will get the opportunity to meet fellow international students from all across . . . Read More
Countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom see the influx of international students every year. Since the US and the UK have numerous high-quality educational institutions and centers for higher learning, students across the world throng to the universities in these countries to get quality education. As part of their qualification to enroll in these universities, the international students are required to pass English language tests along with aptitude and logical reasoning tests. Yet many of the students who get through these tests find themselves at a disadvantage during the course of their education. This exposes the inadequacy of these entry tests and the need for their overhaul (Koehne, 2005, p.105). But things remaining as they are, there are certain things that the students can adopt to make their undergraduate learning experience more fruitful and less distressing.
One of the common difficulties encountered by international students is the . . . Read More
Public opinion is divided on the issue of whether or not American schools should adopt year long curriculums. But conventionally, schools across the country have adhered to schedules that would give pupils a break of three months followed by nine months of study. In recent years, some journalists and commentators have suggested that year long schooling could benefit the students in the long term. This essay will foray into the arguments made by proponents of year round schooling.
At the root of the debate is the fact that the knowledge and acquired skill levels of students in America is on a steady decline. This is indicated by statistics pertaining to standardized test scores. The supporters of year-round schooling argue that such an arrangement would help improve the knowledge and skill levels of students. In other words,
“With the heightened emphasis on standardized test scores and the implementation of rigorous, mandatory tests for promotion and . . . Read More
It is usually believed that people who complete higher education earn bigger incomes than the rest. While this is generally true, it would be over-simplistic to assume that those who do not attend college would have to remain within low socio-economic demographic group. This essay will exemplify the view that many lucrative career options are available even if one has not attended college.
The manufacturing industry creates thousands of jobs each year. Those individuals who have an aptitude for mechanics can apply for these jobs. One does not need to be college educated to land these jobs, as most of the relevant training would be provided on the job, as part of the initiation and induction process. Some of the southern states in the U.S.A. have huge automobile manufacturing plants which offer lucrative career options for those with the right attitude to work. Of course, the entry level positions in these industries cannot be called lucrative. But with the gaining of . . . Read More
This essay argues that the Enlightenment is the most important concept among the three given in the title. The Age of Enlightenment was a period in early modern history when western societies, led by its intellectuals, made a marked shift from religion based authority to one of scientific reason. Prior to this period, the Church and the State were intricately interlinked; and the Enlightenment sought to sever states and politics from religion through the application of rational analysis based on scientific observation and facts. This movement traces its origins to the seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe. Similar undercurrents of progressive thought were seen in the New World as well, most notably from such intellectuals such as Tom Paine and other proponents of American independence (Porter & Teich, 1981).
The Enlightenment has had a profound impact on the cultural evolution of Western Europe in particular and the whole of the continent in general. A landmark piece . . . Read More
The novel Anton Reiser by Karl Philipp Moritz deals with issues of growing up in Germany toward the end of the eighteenth century. This semi-autobiographical work traces the first twenty one years the author’s own life. The author performs a retrospective analysis of his psychological development during these years. This essay will pertain itself to one particular aspect of the work, namely, the analogy between Anton Reiser’s resort to reading books with the modern day teen phenomenon of using recreational drugs.
A careful scrutiny of the early life of Reiser gives clues to his psychological development and his propensity to fall back on escapist activities. Foremost among the conditions was the family environment in which he grew up. He has a very unpleasant childhood as his parents never get along. From this backdrop of a dysfunctional family he is apprenticeship with a pietistic hat-maker proves equally troublesome and is forced to go back to school. His . . . Read More
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland in the year 1896. He would go on to become one of the most influential philosopher and psychologist of the twentieth century. He achieved worldwide renown for his theories of child development and for his work on genetic epistemology. This essay will confine itself to an overview of his theory of cognitive development in children, which continues to hold its cornerstone position among discoveries in the field of psychology. But, it would be simplistic to classify Piaget as a theorist and philosopher who deals in mere abstractions. Rather, . . . Read More
Purpose of NCLB Act
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) initiated by the George Bush Administration was a response to the declining standards and outcomes of educational institutions across the United States. The NCLB was founded on the notion that “an enterprise works best when responsibility is placed closest to the most important activity of the enterprise, when those responsible are given greatest latitude and support, and when those responsible are held accountable for producing results” (www.ed.gov/nclb). Falling . . . Read More