In conclusion, based on the views of former and current Chinese intellectuals, it is fair to say that the Chinese take their national identity quite seriously and patriotism is a deeply held feeling for most of its citizens. The worrying factor though, is that these discourses on patriotism and national identity generally portray the ‘West’ as the enemy and it remains to be seen how this sort of geo-political and cultural polarization affects the economic and diplomatic future of China.
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