Authored by Noel Coward in 1924, the play Hay Fever was first performed the following year at the Ambassadors Theatre. The original cast included eminent actors and actresses from the Jazz Age America. These include Helen Spencer, Robert Andrews, Marie Tempest and Graham Browne who comprise the members of the Bliss family. Most of the action takes place in the Hall of David Bliss’ house, which is located beside River Thames at Cookham, Berkshire. The eccentricities of the four members of the Bliss family become heightened during a weekend, when each of them invites a guest over without consulting other members. The farce and comedy then come to the fore, as the family tries to resolve its internal disputes in the midst of their guests. (Mander & Mitchenson, 2000) This essay will argue that beside the hilarious comedy on offer, the lasting success of the play is due to skillful handling of its production, especially its scenic design and . . . Read More
The movie I chose for this exercise is titled Paris, released in 2008. This is a French language movie that I watched with English subtitles. Written and directed by Cedric Klapisch, the film stars Juliette Binoche, Romain Duris and Fabrice Luchini.
While watching the movie on my laptop computer, I was able to identify some key differences when compared to watching it in a theatre. First of all, I could seat myself in my favourite couch in a laid back fashion with my legs stretched out. Hence, the personal comfort factor was a positive. Watching in a theatre would have required some degree of formal clothing and sitting posture in comparison.
Secondly, the ‘pause’ option offered by movie playing software like Windows Media Player or VLC is invaluable in its utility. When I received a phone call, I could just ‘pause’ the film where it was and continue after finishing the call. This is not possible in the theatre setting. Similarly, I could rewind and . . . Read More
With the flourishing of the Internet and vast improvements in network bandwidth capabilities, films produced in Hollywood have also been marketed and distributed through these channels. In the article in question, which was published in www.wired.com in June 2005, George Lucas was talking about a fundamental shift in movie consumption patterns. The film industry in the United States has been on a steady decline since the onset of the Second World War, and this trend is likely to continue in the future too. With the emergence of new avenues for marketing and distribution, including Television and DVD, viewership in theatres is bound to fall further. This point is alluded to by George Lucas.
Lucas further observes that although theatre-going will continue to be a social event in American society, they would no longer see big-budget epics. Despite being the producer of major epic blockbusters like Star Wars series and Indiana Jones, his own recent movie productions . . . Read More
We learn that right from the beginning of the history of Roman Republic, there had been class warfare. At first the two warring factions were the Patricians and the Plebeians. They both contended for admission to the courts and high office as well as demanding a share in the state lands. This class struggle between the Patricians and the Plebeians lasted for nearly two centuries. Eventually though, the Patricians nobility emerged victorious, as it merged with other privileged classes such as the propertied class and slave owning class to expropriate the lands that were erstwhile in the hands of the peasantry.
While the divisions between the Patricians and the Plebeians manifested itself in economic status, the more important distinction is access to state power, which the latter is denied. As the Roman Empire expanded ever more, newly acquired slaves were integrated into the Plebeian population, thus reinforcing the racial superiority and exclusiveness of the Roman . . . Read More
The Monopoly Board game is one of the most popular board games in twentieth century history. First designed in 1935, the game has sold more than 200 million sets in its 76-year existence. The game is loosely based on Elizabeth J. Magie Phillips’ The Landlord’s Game that she published in 1924. Although intended to bring awareness to the dangers of monopoly to the general public, the game caught the public imagination. And there’s been no looking back since then. In the next decade the game was re-adapted by Charles Darrow for maximum entertainment value under the official name Monopoly. (Orbanes, 2004)
At the time of its design, Atlantic City was a popular upscale tourist retreat. And hence the city was used as a model to fill in the details of the board. Many of the properties printed in the forty spaces in the board are taken after real properties of the same name in the city. But Atlantic City today is a frail shadow of its 1930’s glory. The ravages of the Second . . . Read More
Malaria is one of the most deadly pandemics to threaten human health. It consumes tens of thousands of lives each year in sub-Saharan Africa, most of who are young children. For example, each year close to 400 million people are infected with the disease, of which a million succumb to it. Hence all efforts must be channeled to find a robust vaccine for preventing it. Hence, research in this area is going at an intense pace in recent years. But unfortunately, there are no foolproof vaccines that have been formulated yet. A vaccine by name RTS S/AS01, which was put to trial during 2009, is specifically addressed to vulnerable children in the Third World. One of the reasons why formulating vaccines have proved challenging is due to the constantly adapting nature of malaria parasites. The latter either evolve drug-resistance or the mosquitoes themselves constantly change and become insecticide resistant. It is in this context that the thrust of new research should be based.
The . . . Read More
Hispanic Americans are the largest ethnic minority in the United States. Of the total American population, nearly 17 percent are Hispanics. The terms Hispanic or Latino refer to Spanish speaking immigrants to the United States, who came from South and Central American countries. These countries include El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Bolivia, Columbia, Brazil, etc. There is racial diversity within Hispanics.
Hispanics were present in the United States since 17th century. But the community has not been treated equally by elite White Americans. When compared to majority of Americans, Hispanics are a low socio-economic group. Hispanics are blamed for the illegal immigration problem. Their culture and language is also different from mainstream America. These factors are causing hurdles for Hispanics within America.
In order to change this situation Hispanics will have to politically organize and put pressure on policy makers. They . . . Read More
A wholesaler can adopt a range of marketing tactics to promote its services. Event marketing is an especially useful idea to exploit market opportunity. Event marketing involves a list of activities that enhance brand visibility and brand identification for target consumers (in this case select retailers). Event marketing by wholesalers is usually a ‘push’ tactic, as awareness about products and services is brought to retailers, who in turn procure and promote it to end consumers. Wholesalers usually do not expend resources on promotion of their goods and services, yet, tactical event marketing can fetch impressive rewards.
One of the key elements to successful event marketing is to offer customers an ‘experience’ of the product/service. This is done through live demonstrations, audio/visual presentations, distributing samples and offering free trials. Wholesalers could also regroup products (bulk-breaking) so as to provide quantity and assortment customers . . . Read More
Paulo Friere’s article titled ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’ is provocative yet truthful in its observations. Contrary to comforting conventional views on mainstream education systems, Friere presents a new perspective on the subject. He views the teacher-pupil equations in these systems as rather oppressive, as it reinforces misconceptions about knowledge and expertise. More controversially, Friere demystifies the notion of the ‘omniscient’ teacher and his/her authority over the ‘ignorant’ pupil. In this ‘banking concept of education’ students are seen as “adaptable, manageable beings. The more students work at storing the deposits entrusted to them, the less they develop the critical consciousness which would result from their intervention in the world as transformers of that world.” (Friere, 1997, p.54) Under this system not only is there a supposed knowledge asymmetry between the teacher and the pupil, but the former also holds professional authority . . . Read More
Intellectual property theft is one of the major concerns for global business leaders. In an era of globalization and fast dissemination of information, fraudulent manufacturers employ sophisticated means of acquiring patented information and exploit it for commercial gain. As Catherine Holahan notes in her article for Business Week, pirated goods now account for nearly 7 percent of all commercial activity across the world. Developing economies such as India, China, Brazil and Russia are proving to be hotbeds for this trend as Intellectual Property laws are either vague or poorly developed here. Moreover, in the era of the Internet, online commercial transactions across borders are especially difficult to bring under the purview of cyber law, as there is no consensus between different participant nations. It is due to this reason that Digital Rights Management (DRM) has been conceived and implemented. (Holahan, 2008) The rest of this essay will look into some of the . . . Read More