The issue of regulating internet content is highly significant, given the exponential growth in the use of this medium for commercial and informational purposes. When the internet was thrown open for commercial use during the mid 1990s, most of its content originated from the United States of America, making English the dominant language in the Internet. This phenomenon was a reflection of the fact that the content was directed at a universal audience located across geo-political borders. But, gradually, the complexion of the Internet undertook a process of change, making its content more relevant to local political and cultural conditions. The flip side of this localization is that the Internet is no longer the vehicle of free-speech and expression that it once was. Jack Goldsmith and Timothy Wu argue in their book ‘Who Controls the Internet? Illusions of a Borderless World’ that this transformation of the cyberspace is for the better, where as Milton Mueller disagree with this . . . Read More
The article published in The Guardian of 12th July 2007, titled “Too Big for the Planet?” is chosen for analysis in this essay. The Optimum Population Trust, a think tank “dedicated to reducing the population growth and its effects on the world” recommend that families should have no more than two children because any more children would be harmful for the long term well being of the environment (The Guardian, July 12 2007). The think tank argues that apart from practical environmental benefits of smaller families, they also send a symbolic message of social responsibility to the rest of the world and encourage them to follow suit. The issue boils down to balancing the supply and demand ends of “green” consumer products. Author Joanna Moorhead spoke to three large families in the UK and heard their views on this small family proposal.
The Russel Fishers are a family of eight – the parents and six children. Jo Fisher, now 51 thinks that the . . . Read More
Conflicts can arise in various circumstances. For instance, it can arise in professional dealings, interpersonal relationships, in political diplomacy, etc. Conflicts are seen in almost all areas of human affairs. Usually, conflicts are accompanied by the concerned parties’ interests. If a suitable resolution to a conflict situation is not found then it can lead to disputes. The process of finding an amicable solution to a given conflict is called conflict resolution.
There are numerous ways in which conflicts can be resolved. The suitability of a particular method is determined by the context in which the conflict arises. Several other factors also determine the most appropriate resolution method to be applied. For example, the nature of the conflict, the issues at stake, the cultural sensibilities of the people involved, the economic costs, etc are all factors to be considered. Once a general assessment of the conflict is made then steps can be taken . . . Read More
The documentary film Sick Around The World deals with the topic of healthcare systems across the world. In the film, five capitalist democratic countries are chosen for analysis. The rest of this essay will briefly describe these, scrutinize their pros and cons and identify the best among the lot. The essay finally attempts to find ‘the best’ system’s suitability to the United States economy and the possible consequences in the event of being applied.
In terms of ‘cost to patient’, the United Kingdom’s healthcare system is the undisputed leader in the world. The government acts in twin roles of 1.healthcare provider and 2.patient insurer. The government gathers funds for healthcare costs beforehand through an ingenuous method of taxation. Of course, as could be expected with a “socialized medicine” model, there are the usual bureaucratic hassles. But apart from that, the UK healthcare system boasts an enviable record of health management and impressive patient . . . Read More
John de Graaf’s well researched and eye-opening book “Affluenza: The All Consuming Epidemic” brings up several issues ailing contemporary industrial society, such as deceptive mass advertisements, over-population, environment damaging toxic dumping, corporate greed, etc. Of these, Corporate America has been chosen as the topic for this paper. The United States of America, being the world’s largest economy and the world’s only military superpower, can virtually dictate terms of trade for the rest of the world. And being the torch bearer of unfettered laissez faire capitalism, American business interests often dictate government policy decisions. This heady mix of wealth and power need to be counterbalanced by accountability and responsibility for the general public. But, going by the evidence presented by de Graaf in his book, the outcomes so far have been harmful for the people at large and the environment in which they live. In this context, one can understand the . . . Read More
The evolution of Pablo Picasso’s artistic styles and forms over the course of his long and fulfilling career provides us with interesting insights into the psyche of the man himself. In other words, Picasso had written his autobiography, not through the medium of words, but rather manifested through his paintings’ sense of the aesthetic. Along with his contemporary Braque, Picasso is credited with the invention of the path-breaking class of visual art that is called Cubism. But this invention is not pre-conceived. Picasso or Braque did not set about radically altering norms of art; rather the circumstances of life of these gentlemen have had a significant effect on the way their minds conceived their paintings. Furthermore, Picasso is famous . . . Read More
Addiction to recreational drugs is gaining epidemic proportions in the United States. These drugs include marijuana, cocaine, heroin, etc. The focus of this essay will be heroin. The following passages will attempt to determine what are the factors that lead to heroin addiction and what role does the environment (meaning social setups) contribute to the condition.
First of all, it is important to understand, that heroin is sought after by addicts for its ability to mitigate pain and suffering. So, all individuals who are mentally stressed and display symptoms of depression are prone to heroin usage. But, . . . Read More
One of the markers of the 21st century popular culture is the apparent dilution in its quality and content. The medium with the widest reach, Television, is not only a source of entertainment but also employed by the powers that be to manipulate and deceive the gullible viewer in order to propagate its own political or business agenda. The contemporary media scene is such that the main focus is on vague and superficial qualities such as “the personality” and “the style” – a distinguishable shift from earlier programming that was more intellectually stimulating and culturally refined. Genres such as Reality shows, talent hunts, game shows, etc rule the roost in what is becoming an increasingly consolidated media space. Within an apparently diverse offering to the public, the issues and topics that find representation are very limited, more so in the news media (Marshall; 2004: 102). The rest of the essay will discuss the conditions that led to the present state of popular . . . Read More
In the last decade or so, the applications of forensic science in criminal investigation have increased. For all sorts of criminal allegations, including rape and murder, the services of forensic scientists are being employed. The infiltration of forensic science into the field of criminal justice is so deep that courses in police academies have included it in their syllabus. While the academia is catching up with advancements in technology, the media on the other hand plays a role in popularizing forensic science for the general public. Television soap-operas such as E.R., NYPD, CSI, CSI Miami, Forensic Files, etc. and science based re-enactment shows such as Medical Detectives which reach a wide TV audience have brought forensic science into the mainstream cultural discourse.
While the application of scientific methods to criminal investigations have a long-standing historical association, recent developments in Genealogy and DNA mapping have had a profound . . . Read More
The advancement of technology in relation to artificial reproductive techniques have thrown open a social debate that has wide-ranging implications. The society is challenged to find a balance between new commercial opportunities and their moral underpinnings. In this essay, salient points in favor and against such reproductive practices will be presented from a neutral perspective.
One of the clear dangers of scientifically engineered reproduction is the unprecedented social and moral complications entailing a cloned human being. The debate on cloning is a subject in its own right and hence this essay will only pertain itself to surrogate motherhood in its traditional and modern versions which categorically excludes the concept of cloning.
It is believed that nearly one in eight heterosexual couple in the United States cannot have babies due to infertility of one or the other. Reproducing and having a family of one’s own is a basic human objective. In this . . . Read More