“no fresh heroes rose from the grass roots, swept into power by a newly robust civil society and banished Soviet-era apparatchiks. The “revolutions” were really the product of a split in the “political elite” surviving from the Soviet era. The Rose, Orange, and Tulip revolutions were initiated and controlled by “outs” seeking to replace the “ins.”. The democratic revolutions so beautifully named in the euphoria of mass street demonstrations, Tudoroiu writes, have proven to be not much more than a “limited rotation of the ruling elites within undemocratic political systems.”
It is interesting to note that chaos and political intrigue are endemic to former communist countries in Eastern Europe. Mikhail Saakashvili, former Georgian leader soon gained a reputation for being a ruthless autocrat, “accumulating outsized powers and fending off lurid charges of murder and corruption”. This observation could be extended to Ukraine’s former prime minister and head of the national bank, who, after failing to act on his election promises, was ultimately forced to relinquish his premiership to a leader of the opposition group that was alleged to have made an assassination attempt on him. The events that unfolded in Kyrgyzstan was no different, “whose president has polished coercive institutions to a brighter shine than in the Soviet era itself, is mired in corruption and nepotism and has suffered business-linked killings and political assassinations.”
It could be logically deduced that the problems facing former Communist countries are due to legacy of failings under that system. But surprisingly, more authoritarian communist regimes such as China have held up solidly amid the surrounding chaos. Considered the last communist bastion, China has succeeded in undertaking and implementing far greater reforms than its East European counterparts. Admittedly, the authoritarian tendencies within China has escalated in this period, but so did the standard of living for most of its citizens. In contrast to cases of abuse of power and opportunistic accumulation of wealth by the ruling elite witnessed in former communist countries, China has followed a socialist template for its economic liberalization program. It is true that China fares badly in human rights reports, but what keeps harmony within its borders is the semblance of egalitarianism it has managed to achieve. In areas such as access to basic education, access to basic healthcare, etc, China outperforms even some of the advanced economies in the world. 
There’s another important reason why constitutional engineering is difficult in former communist countries of Eastern Europe. In the prevailing world order (of both military and economic dimensions), the United States is the clear leader. And the persistence of American influence in internal affairs of former communist countries has largely been negative. With the neo-liberal global order firmly established, American businesses (represented by American diplomats) have indirectly intervened in order to create a favourable atmosphere for their interests. In this scenario, the establishment of a democratically elected government, under the auspices of a constitution that is protective of its citizens, is hardly the ideal outcome for them. Hence, intervention in the form of strategic diplomacy and foreign capital inflows have either stalled or delayed or derailed meaning constitutional reforms in these nations. In other words, once the process of foreign capital inflows is started, the priorities shift to earning suitable returns on capital investments and strengthening democratic institutions assumes low priority. A classic example of this is Armenia, a strategically important country with which most Americans are unfamiliar.