The promise of impressive economic growth has been a staple of electoral promises ever since the inception of parliamentary democracy in the UK. In recent years, this phenomenon has only gathered pace with both the Tories and the New Labour leadership claiming the ‘economic growth’ mantle as their own. Here, the implicit assumption is that economic growth per se is a good thing for the country and its citizens. But there are economists and intellectuals who would argue that other parameters of human development should also measured alongside economic prosperity. The rest of this essay will delve into some of their arguments and also attempt to ascertain the major determinants of economic growth and how far their benefits outweigh their costs.
Various economic theories differ in their emphasis on key determinants of economic growth. But some of the determinants appear more frequently than others, helping them gain recognition as factors contributing to economic . . . Read More
There are several reasons for the protracted and continuing conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, two countries that are situated in the horn of Africa. While Eritrea had been formerly part of the larger Ethiopia, it won its independence in 1993 after thirty years of struggle. Ever since, there have been contentions over territory, trade rules and the usage of common currency. Lack of whole-hearted diplomatic efforts to resolve these issues led to a major war in 1998 which raged on for another two years. As is the norm with international disputes, the International Court in Hague took up the case and conducted a trial. It emerged that Eritrea was the primary culprit in acting aggressively against their neighbor; not only did it break international law but was also the chief provocateur in the conflict. But in subsequent court proceedings, Eritrea had managed successfully to argue its claims for the disputed Badme region. But despite the UN Boundary Commission’s verdict granting . . . Read More
The two works of literature discussed in this essay have several similarities in their underlying themes and narratives. The Street Car Named Desire, written by Tennessee Williams in 1947, was not only well received by critics, but also adapted into several stage productions. The post Second World War period in which the play is set was a period of rapid social transformation. The United States had emerged as one of two superpowers and there is unprecedented growth in the manufacturing industry. This alters the conventional equations of power between men and women, cities and country sides, northern states and southern states, etc. It is in this shifting and evolving milieu that the lives of Stanley Kowalski and Blanche DuBois cross paths, which ultimately leads to much interpersonal turmoil. Similarly, the novel ‘The Reader’ written by Bernhard Schlink is a work of high literary standard. The movie version too got several nominations in the Academy Awards. The . . . Read More
George Washington’s farewell address has now become a masterpiece of American political literature, alongside writings by other founding fathers such as Benjamin Franklin, Tom Paine and Thomas Jefferson. It is even comparable in significance to the farewell address by President Dwight Eisenhower, who famously forewarned about the dangers of “military-industrial complex” dominating the political landscape.
Washington suggests that the US should avoid long-term military alliances with other nations, a principle which led him to issue the Proclamation of Neutrality during his Presidency as well as enacting the Neutrality Act of 1794. But the political realities of today are the opposite of neutrality. For example, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization which was formed by Western Democracies in the wake of the Cold War, continues to function and expand even today, despite the collapse of the Soviet Union. Furthermore, an often repeated tenet of the Bush Doctrine is . . . Read More
1. Introduction, explaining the precarious situation of our environment today, stating of thesis.
2. Citing Barbara Ehrenreich’s analysis of the stature of humans with respect to other animals and the non-organic environment.
3. Citing Pauly & Watson’s point about the folly of over-fishing. How this process will ultimately lead to catastrophe.
4. Mentioning the counter argument, namely the cyclical processes of destruction and rebirth that life on earth have gone through in the past.
5. Summing up the essay and arriving at concluding remarks, and also talk about our responsibilities toward nature.
Problem Definition & Thesis:
Human beings have always drawn sustenance from the natural environment that surrounded them. The wellbeing of our species is intricately related to the diversity and stability of the physical environment we inhabit. As new and sophisticated technologies are . . . Read More
The phenomenon of globalization has become ubiquitous in the new neo-liberal world order of the last few decades. This particular form of capitalism has steadily replaced socialistic and communistic forms of economic arrangement in many countries in the world. While proponents of this global economic model argue that this is the best possible system, there are also those who strongly oppose various aspects of this system. Taking a historical perspective, we see that the events of the two centuries are shaped and defined by the practice of capitalism. In a way, the peaking of European colonialism coincided with the consolidation of capitalist economic theory, which ultimately replaced it. In other words, the power and influence wielded by large multinational corporations today (which are the façade of global capitalism) is nothing short of a variant of imperialism. While conceding that concentrations of power and finance in and of themselves do not lead to oppression and . . . Read More
Throughout the presidential election campaign, the then Democratic Party nominee Barack Obama kept reiterating the need for healthcare reform and made promises to the country that efforts toward that end would be the cornerstone of his administration. But now that we have seen his functioning style as President over the tenure, there is little reason to believe that the election campaign promises would be met. Since Obama’s inauguration in January 2009, his efforts to reform the healthcare system were met with persistent opposition from the Republicans and a handful of conservative Democrats, both in the House of Representatives and the Senate. With the recent loss of Massachusetts senate seat to Republicans, the task of passing the healthcare reform bill has become more challenging.
The State of Healthcare Today:
But beyond the nitty-gritty of political maneuvering and discussing the merits and demerits of . . . Read More
In recent decades the topic of ‘employee voice’ within a business organization has come up for discussion in management literature. At the same time, business analysts have explored in depth various possible distribution of powers within the workplace and the dynamics involved therein. Terms such as ‘involvement’ and ‘participation’ have been elaborated and explained as well. Yet, it is safe to say that no universal consensus has been achieved so far, with employee unions and elected representatives on their behalf constantly contesting and claiming for more favourable terms and conditions of work. This essay will attempt to answer the topic question, along with its broader implications.
Employee Voice in the backdrop of discrimination:
Since business enterprises operate in the socio-political setup of nations, it is important to analyze the issue of ‘employee voice’ in this broad context. For example, a 1998 . . . Read More
Each year hundreds of thousands of international students enroll for various courses in Universities in the United States and United Kingdom. But before they decide to enroll, they are confronted with a dilemma whether to pursue their higher studies in their home country or abroad. The consistency and high number of international enrollments suggests that most students prefer to study abroad. The rest of this essay will look into the reasons why this is so, with specific reference to my own choices in this respect.
The education system in Saudi Arabia, which is my home country, is quite good. There are a few institutions of higher learning in Saudi Arabia which are comparable in academic standards to those in the United States. But my preference is to study abroad, so that I can have a different cultural experience that would make me a more rounded individual. Also, if I study abroad, I will get the opportunity to meet fellow international students from all across . . . Read More
The rise to power of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party is one of the defining moments of the history of twentieth century. It was in the year 1933 that Adolf Hitler led his National Socialist Party to power in what was then a united German nation, by winning the largest number of seats in the Reichstag. In the years leading up to this crucial election his party leadership unleashed an effective propaganda campaign spreading the message of German nationalism and Aryan superiority over other races. These were to continue during the years in power as well, when the party message would get increasingly more vitriolic, especially against Jews. The 1930s were the time when motion picture and radio technologies were getting more sophisticated. The Nazi leadership took advantage of these technologies in carrying out propaganda efforts that would garner public support for their domestic and international policies. Joseph Goebbels was appointed by Hitler to head the Propaganda Ministry in 1930. . . . Read More