Crimes against public order often register the highest number of cases each year in the United States. Such crimes can vary widely in the extent of their criminality, but its perpetrators are all liable to legal prosecution. Public order crimes are also referred to by other terms, such as “consensual crime, victimless vice, crimes without victims, or victimless crime”. According to noted criminologist Siegel, crimes against public order are defined as “”crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently.” (Siegel, 2006) Although vague in its definition and its identification arbitrary to the legal professionals, it is nevertheless important to keep a check on such crimes. The rest of this essay will explore in detail some of the common crimes that fall under this category.
Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) is one of the frequently occuring public order crimes in the country. Commonly . . . Read More
A good indication of how complicated the present tax system in the UK is, is learnt from the size of the most authoritative guide to the subject. Tolley’s Yellow Tax Handbook, which is being published every year since 1983 is getting bigger each subsequent year. To give an example, it totalled close to 6,000 pages in its 2001 edition and has nearly doubled this number in its most recent edition. This is a clear indication that the tax system in the country is becoming cumbersome and complicated with each passing year. Henceforth, there is a strong case to be made for simplifying the prevailing system.
One of the reasons why the system has remained complicated is the half-hearted measures undertaken by policy-makers in reforming/simplifying the system. While Chartered Accountants have thrived in this climate, their clients, including common people, have often ended up with confusion. Furthermore, the complexities inherent in the current tax system can be attributed to . . . Read More
The history and evolution of Hollywood makes for an interesting subject of inquiry. The origins of film industry in the United States can be traced back to the 1920s, when the first silent movies were opened for public viewing. The movies released in the first decade were free of any censorship and hence contained controversial content. The 1920s were known as the ‘Jazz Age’ and Americans prospered due to the zooming of stock markets and the flourishing of the arts. At the turn of the decade, the Great Depression set in, precipitated by the biggest crash in Wall Street history. The country went into a period of great introspection. As politicians and economists were grappling with finding solutions to pull through the economic depression, similar efforts are being made to improve the standards of the film industry. The Hays’ Code, introduced in 1934 was one such outcome. Although the United States Motion Picture Production Code of 1930 came ahead of Hays Code, it . . . Read More
It makes sense academically to measure the competency of Judge Dee with respect to his role as a high ranking Chinese official of the Tang period. What follows is an attempt to make an evaluation of Judge Dee from the eyes of an equally high ranking Chinese Censor of the same period. Here the author assumes the role of the censor and the following is the report generated by him on Judge Dee.
One aspect in which Judge Dee differs remarkably from modern day judges is the number of roles he takes up during the process of an investigation. Judge Dee is not only the final decision-maker on a case, but is also its investigator, under-cover detective, prosecutor and the jury. It is quite impressive how he wears these different hats with nonchalant ease and is also able to fulfill those roles adequately.
The stories were set in the era of the Tang Dynasty, during which time, the teaching and philosophy of Confucius was firmly established in administrative circles. It . . . Read More
When Barack Obama took over the reigns from George W. Bush, he was expected to make significant changes to the policy framework. But already into the second year of his Presidency, it is fair to say that Obama’s performance has fallen short of expectations. On the negative side, the ‘surge’ in military operations in Afghanistan and the impotence to bring stability to Iraq would remain his most obvious failures. This is particularly stark when seen in the backdrop of the Nobel Prize for Peace awarded to him early in his Presidency. On the positive side, the President and his party were instrumental in passing the Healthcare Reform Bill, although some would argue that it doesn’t redress fundamental flaws in the prevailing healthcare system. Obama could have added to his achievements as President by dismantling the PATRIOT Act promoted and signed by Bush in the immediate aftermath of September 11, 2001 attacks. But unfortunately, he has only strenthened its . . . Read More
The twentieth century has been a transformational period for human societies. As the process of industrialization advanced during this period, more people moved away from rural to urban settings. As a result major cities became overpopulated and towns expanded into cities. The meaning of ‘public space’ got expanded and redefined during this process. And when millions of people share limited geographical space, individual privacy becomes a problem. The problem is essentially twofold: firstly, it is challenging for government agencies to protect the privacy rights of its citizens and secondly, the city dwellers are faced with threats to their privacy by criminals and fraudsters. It is in this backdrop that we must study the issue of privacy in the United States today. As the most advanced nation in the world, the urban spaces in the United States are the nerve centers for global commerce and politics. A loss of privacy in the form of loss of confidential . . . Read More
Print journalism has a long and rich tradition, reaching back more than two centuries. The content disseminated by newspapers can be divided into two classes: reports and opinion. While reports are expected to adhere to objectivity and neutrality, opinion editorials have no such restrictions. As a result, the latter can at times come across as ideologically biased as they reflect personal views of the editor. This essay will look into an editorial essay of recent times and will scrutinize if the author had committed logical errors. The editorial chosen for this analysis is “Base drilling halt on results, not an arbitrary timeline”, published in USA Today on the 8th of July, 2010. Since the author’s name is not disclosed, the views expressed therein can be attributed to the Editorial Board of USA Today.
In the immediate aftermath of the catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the Obama Adminstration issued a moratorium banning all . . . Read More
Salvador Dali’s 1931 painting named The Persistence of Memory is an intriguing work of modern art. The artwork became an instant success with the public audience and continues to be Dali’s most recognized work. At the core of the painting is Dali’s perception of physical objects as either ‘hard’ or ‘soft’. The depiction of ‘soft’ pocket watches in the backdrop of the landscape of Port Lligat comprises its unique appeal. In Dali’s own words, the artwork is a “hand painted dream photograph”, which projects a dream-like imagery. The central theme of the painting is the melting watch, which is a recurrent object in many of Dali’s paintings. The painting is best known for its surrealistic elements and can appear to be irrational, unsettling, paradoxical or even nonsensical. But beneath the veneer of this confusion lies its aesthetic merit and conceptual integrity.
In the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) . . . Read More
1. Define technology and describe three characteristics that can be used to assess it.
Technology is the set of processes and techniques that are employed to improve efficiency and scale of operations of a business. At its core, technological innovation is intended to bring about higher quality standards and greater profit margins for the company. Some of the characteristics that can be used to assess it are: the competitive advantage it offers, its upgradability, and its impact on quality standards of the product or service.
2. What effects has technology had on US and global economies? Have these effects been positive or negative?
The history of capitalism is one of success based upon technological advancement. This is true in the United States as it is elsewhere in the world. Overall, their impact on national and global economies has been benign. Irrespective of the cyclical booms and busts of technology driven economies, they tend to improve . . . Read More
The study of differences between individuals is as old as recorded history. These differences could pertain to aspects of personality, interests, physical traits, talents, etc. Only during the last few centuries has this field of inquiry attained a more scientific and methodological approach; for prior to it, theories were constructed based on select observations and limited understanding. In other words, the fields of inquiries of human psychology and human physiology have only been devised during the last few centuries and theories and methods employed previous to that remain deficient to that extent. It is fair to say that the Renaissance was a crucial period in the advancement of robust theories pertaining to individual differences among humans. At the outset, it is important to note that human behaviour and personality is much more difficult to understand than that of animals. And more than any other species, human behaviour is subject to interpretation and . . . Read More