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A collection of high-quality academic essays.

Minority parents and child discipline

Parenting styles have always varied from one culture to another.  And despite a degree of homogenization due to large-scale migrations in the 20th century, cultural roots of families continue to bear upon how children are raised.  In the United States, for example, parents from minority ethnicities tend to hold their children to a different standard of discipline than their Caucasian counterparts.  As researcher Lisa Fontes notes in her article that just as areas of emphasis vary between cultures so do modes and methods of punishment.  There are differences in the way children are punished by African American/Southern parents compared to their Caucasian/New England counterparts.  Such variations are seen in other minority groups like Hispanic Americans, Korean Americans, etc.

Chinese and Indian American parents’ methods and attitudes toward child discipline have particularly attracted comment and criticism.  For example, in these communities, emphasis on . . . Read More

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Key lifespan developmental issues in The Cider House Rules

Cider House Rules is a 1999 film produced by Richard Gladstein & co. Adapted from a novel of the same name by John Irving, the film garnered both commercial as well as critical success. The movie is of special relevance to American audiences, for it deals with the subject of abortion which has been a politically and culturally contentious issue for a long time. The plot is centered on the life of Homer Wells, an orphan, who grows up in an orphanage after being returned twice by his foster parents. The movie contains many poignant and touching moments in it that lend itself for psychological analysis. For example, from a developmental psychology viewpoint, the fact that Homer is returned twice to the orphanage was bound to leave deep scars on the formative psyche of the young boy, who would struggle to form lasting attachments to other humans as a consequence. Also, the manner in which he was treated by these couples was also abusive to a degree. These abusive relationships . . . Read More

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Recruitment and Hiring: Key laws, regulations and principles

Recruitment and Hiring is an important aspect of Human Resources Management, for it is here that candidate employees first come into contact.  In recent decades, the process of interviewing and screening candidates for possible employment has become more systematic and sophisticated.  Corporate laws have also caught up with the needs of organizations.  Vice versa, more regulations are imposed on companies to comply with basic standards during recruitment and hiring.  In other words, corporate laws pertaining to usage of employee/candidate information have gotten stringent over the years.  This is a positive development, for otherwise, important private information will be subject to misuse and exploitation. The rest of this essay will outline key laws, regulations and principles for recruiters to mull over as they discharge their duties in the HRM department.

It is common practice for employers to scrutinize past behavior of a potential employee and make sure that the . . . Read More

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What do Plato and Socrates believe is the reason for humans to do the right thing?

According to Socrates, a commitment to moral reasoning is an essential condition of a well-lived life.  An individual should base his actions upon the outcomes of such internal dialogues.  The exercise of self-examination and introspection as a way of arriving at moral truths is of paramount importance to Socrates.  So much so that he unequivocally declared that “an unexamined life is not worth living” (Vlastos, p.121).  This commitment to truth by way of rational, critical enquiry would eventually cost Socrates his life.  But, even when in sight of his impending death, Socrates calmly reasoned with his friends and supporters that accepting the judgment of the state is to follow the moral course of action and he refused to escape into exile. Socrates’ view of morality was espoused by his chief disciple Plato as well, who documented most of his master’s orations.

We can deduce Socrates and Plato’s views on proper human conduct from the reasons the former gives . . . Read More

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What were the charges against Socrates as recorded in the Apology?

Socrates is one of the most prominent Greek philosophers of the Hellenistic Age.  His powers of logical reasoning and the invention of the Socratic Method have left an enduring legacy on Western philosophy.  The ideas spawned by him were given further life and shape by his bright pupil Plato, who also documented much of what Socrates orated to his audience.    Although he was a prominent member of the Aristocratic class, his lack of deference to authority would ultimately lead to his tragic end.  In this tragedy lies heroism and moral fortitude.  Although deemed guilty by the then prevailing laws of Athens, he stands righteous in spirit.  Even when given the choice between a life in exile or immediate execution, he chose the latter as a matter of adhering to principle.  The following passages will elaborate this assessment.

Socrates was brought to trial by the democratic Athenian jury, which had scores to settle with prominent members of the previous regime.  . . . Read More

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Why is Aristotle known as the common-sense philosopher?

Born in 384 BC and believed to have died on 322 BC, Aristotle remains the figure head of Ancient Greek philosophy. He also founded the Peripatetic school of philosophy, which remains in currency even today. Aristotle was widely regard during his time and continues to be revered through the ages. It is perhaps his common-sense approach to philosophy which has endeared and sustained him to academics and laypeople alike. While also expounding on such specialized subjects as physics, metaphysics, linguistics, biology and ethics, Aristotle theorized a great deal on poetry, music, theatre, rhetoric and government. The latter group of subjects is of common interest and appeal to a wide audience. This is one reason why he is considered a common-sense philosopher.

Also, during 3rd century BC, no advanced methods of logical deductions were devised yet. As a result, Aristotle had to employ simpler methods bordering on common-sense to perform his analyses. For example, with the limited . . . Read More

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Movie Review: The Name of the Rose by Jean-Jacques Annaud

The movie The Name of the Rose was directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud and released in the year 1986.  It is based on a book of the same title by Umberto Eco.  The film is co-produced by Bernd Eichinger, Franco Cristaldi and others; and its screenplay is handled by the quartet of Andrew Birkin, Gerard Brach, Howard Franklin and Alain Godard.  The music is handled by James Hornner.  Produced with a budget of $17 millions, the film grossed four times this amount.

Set in Medieval Europe, this murder mystery revolves around the character of Willam of Baskerville, played by Sean Connery.  The storyline spans events during the course of one week in 14th Century Northern Italy.  In the wake of a mysterious death at the Benedictine Abbey, the Franciscan monk William of Baskerville and his aide Adso of Melk arrive at the scene to conduct investigations.  The body of the young illuminator Adelmo was found under a tower window which is sealed permanently.   While . . . Read More

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The Status of the Rorschach in Clinical and Forensic Practice

The employment of the Rorschach in personality assessment procedures has had its fair share of criticism in the past.  As a way of settling the dispute and controversy (some even calling to abandon it altogether), the Board of Trustees of the Society for Personality Assessment has issued a statement containing evidence and rational argument in support of the Rorschach.  With the backing of advanced research methods, the psychometric adequacy and clinical utility of the instrument is convincingly proven, making a strong case for its continued use in clinical and forensic practice.

The findings of over 125 meta-analysis and 800 multimethod assessment studies have shown that psychological assessment instruments such as the Rorschach perform as effectively as any instrument used in the entire health services industry such as “electrocardiograms, mammography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), dental radiographs, Papanicolaou (Pap) smears, positron emission tomography (PET) . . . Read More

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Six ethical principles of Information Management

Managers will do well to follow ethical principles while discharging their duties of Information Management.  Information Systems managers face ethical dilemmas numerous times during their tenure and following a set ethical guidelines is quite useful.  Firstly, when confronted by an ethical dilemma, managers will analyze the situation by evaluating the possible consequences of various options they have at disposal.  They will consider the impact of each option on various stakeholders in the company and choose to be as fair and just as circumstances allow them.  Most determining factors would be specific to the particular ethical dilemma at hand.  Along with the particular details of the problem, IS managers can peruse some time-tested, universal ethical principles in arriving at their decisions.

The first one is “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”, which is an old proverb with Christian associations. (Laudon & Laudon, p.419)  Putting oneself in . . . Read More

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